There are a few things to consider when selecting a dog to share your apartment with. The dog should be easily trainable, easy to housebreak, low-energy (at least when indoors) and preferably not be a heavy barker (a dog who barks or bays all day may get you into trouble with your neighbors).
Larger dogs or dog breeds that easily develop a doggy odor may also be more challenging depending on the size of the apartment. If you have one sleeping/living area where you have to sleep in the same room with the dog, a larger sized dog or a dog with a coat that easily becomes odorous may be a problem. Not all dogs are prone to body odors and those that are can be fed dry food especially developed to limit these odors.

Some breeds also shed more heavily when living an apartment life, so this is also something you may want to weigh against the other criteria. In a small area as an apartment it is something you may have to conside.
Best Dog Breeds for
Apartment Life

Note that there is no inherent incompatibility in sharing your city home with a larger dog. Just consider that cleaning up your pet's feces is easier with a smaller or toy dog. You will have to clean up after your dog inside until it is completely housebroken, AND outside, as scooping the poop is a legal requirement in most cities in the world. Off-lead exercise opportunities are also more limited in the city for larger dogs. However, some giant and larger dog breeds are surprisingly laid-back and adapt very well to apartment life, so it is all a matter of checking which dog breeds best fit your priority list of requirements and facilities available close to home.
Of course, no dog breed will satisfy all criteria. It is a matter of personal preference and lifestyle to decide on which criteria you can compromise and on which not. Excessive shedding, for example, may be something you can easily overcome especially if you vacuum and sweep regularly.

Even dogs that are classified with a low to moderate activity level may still need some 'intellectual' challenges to remain happy and healthy. There are some good books on the market with tricks you can teach your dog. Many of these tricks and games can be taught within the apartment and will give your dog a sense of satisfaction and enjoyment when they have accomplished the task succesfully.
101 Dog Tricks
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In dense cities cohabitation between dog owners and parents without dogs is not allows easy.
Photo by Noriko Brewster
American Cocker Spaniel
Australian Silky Terrier
Belgian Griffon
Brussels Griffon
Bichon Frisé
(needs regular, professional grooming, hypoallergenic breed)
Boston Terrier (easy to housebreak, short smooth coat, not heavy barkers, needs plenty of mental and physical stimulation)
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
(affectionate, ideal city-size, but not for families with small children)
Chinese crested
(medium activity level, good with children and other pets, hypoallergenic breed, being hairless shedding and odors won't be a problem)
Chow Chow
(cross between a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle)
Coton de Tulear (very little shedding, no doggy odor, hypoallergenic, clownish in character, hard to tire out, high trainability, but as all small dog breeds a little more difficult to housebreak)
English Bulldog
(not heavy barkers, typical indoor dog requiring little exercise, some skin conditions bulldogs are prone to can lead to doggy odors)
English Toy Terrier
French Bulldog
(small molossers tend to be less yappy than the other small dog breeds, and are nevertheless excellent watchdogs that discriminate between strange noices they should report and usual ambient noise)
Golden Retriever
(limited barkers, shed less than average, contrary to popular belief they DO have limited energy levels when inside)
Italian Greyhound
King Charles Spaniel
Labrador Retriever
(shed a lot, lively when young, needs lots of exercise)
Lhasa Apso
Miniature Pinscher
Miniature Schnauzer
Norfolk Terrier
Norwegian Elkhound
(very clean, moderate activity level)
Norwich Terrier
Peruvian Inca Orchid
(no hair at all, so no shedding nor possible odors. This breed was originally only exercised at night and spent all day long in orchid-filled rooms, so one of the few breeds that was selectively bred to spend most of its life inside. Not necessarily so with the Peruvian hairless, see: hairless breeds)
Poodle (much grooming, non-shedding coat)
Pomeranian (needs company, coat needs lots of grooming)
Portuguese Water dog (high activity level, though comfortable in a small apartment, hypoallergenic breed)
Pug (another breed that was specifically created to be a indoor companion dog, unlike the small terriers and other small molossers. Good watchdogs, without the excessive barking seen in most small and toy dogs. In some lines excessive shedding and doggy odors may be a problem; takes longer than average to housebreak)
Puggle (said to combine the pros of the Pug and the Beagle, being a mixed breed the outcome is not always certain, though).
Scottish Terrier
Sealyham Terrier
(provided they get enough exercise)
Shiba inu (extremely clean, very easy to housebreak, like all native Japanese breeds, but this is the smallest of them)
Shih Tzu (needs professional grooming)
Tibetan Terrier
Volpino Italiano
Welsh Corgi
West Highland White Terrier
(despite its size, a dog with a high working drive, this energy needs to be channelled)
Yorkshire Terrier (excessive barking tends to be a problem, not ideal with small children)

Dog Books
Dog Breeds A to Z
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